Karaj is the capital of Alborz province, it is the fourth populated city of Iran, in west of Tehran, known for Alborz mountain range, Chalous Road, Uzbeki Hill, Tulip Garden and Dam Lake.
Alborz Province is the thirty-first province in Iran. It used to be a part of the Tehran province but it has been recently registered as an independent province by the. It is now the smallest and newest province of Iran. Alborz which has an area of about 5122 square kilometers is located around the provinces of Mazandaran, Qazvin, Tehran and Markazi and it has five counties.
The city of Karaj is the capital of the province and is the fourth most populated city of Iran in terms of population after Tehran, Mashhad and Isfahan. The name of the province is taken from the mountain range of Alborz which covers much of the northern parts of this province.
The altitudes and mountains of central Alborz – especially in the border between Chalous and Haraz roads – are the most important natural areas in Iran with many natural attractions. Due to the existence of Alborz Mountains, the northern part of the province has cold winters and cool summers while its southern part has a warm and dry climate because of its closeness to the vast plains.
The ancient works found in Uzbeki Hill of Nazar Abad show that the antiquity of this area dates back to more than six thousand years and its cultural remains are from Medes Dynasty. Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid works have been also found around Karaj which show civilization has continued in the region. The Shah Abbasi Caravanserai from the Safavid period and Shahrestanak palace of Qajar period also maintain the relative importance of the region throughout history. Its people are from different ethnic groups that migrated to this province and the common language of the province is Farsi. However, use of Tati language is common in the Taleqan as well.
The most famous tourist attractions of Alborz are Tulip Gardens of Gach Sar and Tulip Festival, Karaj-Chalous Road, Kandovan Tunnel, Yakh Morad Cave and Taleqan Dam Lake.
Taleqan with more than 80 villages is one of the most important tourist centers in the province.
It is the birthplace and residence of the many Iranian prominent figures such as Ayatollah Taleghani, Jalal Al-e-Ahmad, Darvish Khan and Omidvar brothers. Moreover, Ista Village, which is known as the village of waiters, is located in Taleghan as well. Its inhabitants are referred to as Ahl Tavaghof and they are waiting for the coming of Imam Zaman. Muḥammad ibn Al-Ḥasan al-Mahdī, also known as Imām Zamān, is the last Shiite Imam that is believed to be ultimate savior of humankind who will emerge with Isa to bring peace and justice to the world. The people of the village live far away from the community and any technology, plumbing or electricity. They do not have birth certificate, so they are not considered in the official statistics of Iran.
The handicrafts of the province are painting on leather, glassblowing, glass engraving and painting and wooden handicrafts.