Alborz Province is the thirty-first province in Iran. It used to be part of the Tehran province, but government recently registered it as a separate province. It is now the smallest province of Iran. Alborz, which has an area of about 5122 square kilometres, is neighboring the provinces of Mazandaran, Qazvin, Tehran and the Markazi, and has five counties.
The city of Karaj is the capital of the province and is the fourth most populated city of Iran in terms of population after Tehran, Mashhad and Isfahan. The name of the province is taken from the mountain range of Alborz, which covers much of the northern parts of this province.
The high altitudes and mountains of the central Alborz – especially the border between the Chalous and Haraz roads – are one of the important natural areas in Iran with many attractions. Because of the Alborz Mountains, The northern part of the province has cold winters and cool summers, while its southern part has a warm and dry climate, because of its closeness to the vast plains.
The ancient works found in the Uzbeky hill in Nazar Abad show that the area dates back to more than six thousand years, and the remains from of the Medes Dynasty. Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid works have also been found around Karaj, which shows that civilization has continued in the region. The Shah Abbasi Caravanserai from the Safavid period and the palace of Qajar period also maintains the relative importance of the region throughout history. Its people are from different ethnic groups that migrated to this province, and the common language of the province is Farsi. Although, the use of Tati language is common in the Taleghan as well.
The most famous tourist attractions of Alborz are the Gardens of Tulip and Tulip Festival, Karaj-Chalous Road, Kandovan Tunnel, Ice Cave and Taleghan Dam Lake. The city of Taleghan, with more than 80 villages, is one of the most important centers of tourism in the province. It is the birthplace and residence of many Iranian prominent figure, including Ayatollah Taleghani, Jalal Al Ahmad, Darvish Khan and Omidvar brothers. Moreover, the village of Esta, which is also known as the village of awaiters, is located in Taleghan. The people of this village are referred to as Ahl Tavaghof, and are waiting for the coming of the Savior, Imam Zaman. The Savior or the promised Mahdi, is the last Shiite Imam that is believed to have gone to occultation. The people of the village live far away from the community and any technology, plumbing or electricity. They do not have birth certificate, so they are not in the official statistics of Iran.
The most famous tourist attractions of Alborz are the Gardens of Tulip and Tulip Festival, Karaj-Chalous Road, Kandovan Tunnel, Ice Cave and Taleghan Dam Lake.
Among the handicrafts of the province, we can name painting on leather, which dates back to the Qajar era, glass making, Vitray, and wooden handicrafts.