Bushehr Province has an area of 22743 square kilometers, and is the 19th province of Iran in terms of its size. It is located along the eastern shores of the Persian Gulf and neighbors the provinces of Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-ahmad, Fars and Hormozgan. The population of this province is about 1.5% of the country’s total population and has 10 counties. The center of the province is called Bushehr, and its natural structure is composed of plains and coastal lowlands. Its climate is warm and humid in the coastal areas, and warm and dry in desert areas. The autumn and spring of Bushehr are very short-lived and have a relatively cool winter and a warm, dry and long summer.
Most people in the province are Fars, and the common language is Persian with Bushehr dialect. Nevertheless, the economic and industrial situation of the region, the presence of the nuclear power plant and the shipyard industry, has attracted immigrants to the Bushehr province.
The oldest signs of settling in Bushehr province dates back to the era of Ilam civilization. The discovery of tablets made of baked mud on the Elamite line in the Sabzabad Rishakhr hill is a testimony to the importance of the Gulf coast along that period. The ancient city of Lian near the present Bushehr has been the Elamite bridge with the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia. From the Achaemenid period, palaces and worship structures are also found in different parts of the Persian Gulf , Bushehr and Borazjan, including the Winter Palace “Black Burdock”. Siraf harbor is another important and historic area of Bushehr province, which is located near the current Taheri port. In the 4th century AD, Siraf was of great commercial importance and one of the largest cities of Abbasids. During the Constitutional Revolution, Bushehr played a significant role, and constitutionalists in line with other parts of Iran opposed Mohammad Ali Shah. After the British colonial forces invaded Bushehr, Tangestani troops led by Raees Ali Delvari rose up against them.
The oldest signs of settling in Bushehr province dates back to the era of Ilam civilization. The discovery of tablets made of baked mud on the Elamite line in the Sabzabad Rishakhr hill is a testimony to the importance of the Gulf coast along that period.
Persian Gulf is one of the most important attractions in the province with its beautiful beaches, the salt dome of Jasak, Siraf, Rishahr, Bardak Black Palace, Bushehr Bus Texture and Saadat School. The school is historically a part of the Qajar period and is the oldest surviving school in southern Iran. On March 18, the anniversary of its foundation, it was named Bushehr. The most important handicrafts of the province include, carpet, decorative objects with shellfish, handmade fish catching net, and ship making.
Among Bushehr souvenirs, we can find different kinds of Persian Gulf fish, shrimp, dates, sweet and Halva. Resident of non-coastal areas use more of wheat and dairy products as their main food ingredients, and those who reside in coastal areas use more of offshore products. Fish and shrimp, fish broth and lobster as the native foods of the region.
Among the prominent figures of the province are the Ali Delvari (oppositional leader), Sadegh Chubak (writer and literary critique) and Najaf Darya Bandari. Darya Bandari is a pioneer author and translator that in the summer of 2017, was named “The Living Treasure of the National Gastronomy” on the list of National Intangible Heritage.