Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari province, with 16328 square kilometers, is the 25th provinces of the country in terms of area and borders the provinces of Isfahan, Lorestan, Khuzestan and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad. Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari has nine towns and its center is Shahr-e-Kurd (formerly Dehkurd). The province consists of two parts: Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari. Chaharmahal is interfacing between Isfahan province and the Bakhtiari tribe district consists of four areas: Lar, Kiar, Mizdaj and Gandoman areas.
The people of the province are also divided into Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari. The common languages in Chahar Mahal are Persian with local accent and Turkish (in some places), and the language of Lori (Sheikh Bakhtiari) in the Bakhtiari areas.
Zagros Mountains cover all parts of the province and its highest peak is Zardkooh. Shahr-e Kurd, with a height of 2060 meters, is the highest Province center of Iran, and therefore named “Roof of Iran”. Two major rivers of Zayandehrud and Karoun originate from the mountains of this province. In terms of climate, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari have mountainous weather.
The history of human residence in the area dates back to a few thousand years B.C. Floral and animal design of clays, copper and bronze instruments, as well as coins belonging to the Parthian and Sassanid Periods in the excavations of Kian city (former Shahrak) and several inscription, reflect the ancient history of this province. Due to the high Zagros highlands that surround the province, it is hard and difficult to pass through this region, and therefore, it has been protected from the invasion of the Greeks, Mongols, and Tatar throughout history. The remains of the castles of the Achaemenid and Sasanian eras in the Bazoft River are evidence of this claim. Ibn Battuta, a famous Moroccan traveler in the eighth century AH, recorded his passage through these areas in his travel report.
Due to the high Zagros highlands that surround the province, it is hard and difficult to pass through this region, and therefore, it has been protected from the invasion of the Greeks, Mongols, and Tatar throughout history.
The beautiful nature of this province attracts many tourists every year. In winter, winter sports enthusiasts finds this place a popular destination. The plains of Fritillaries, Kouhrang Tunnel Waterfall, Zaman Khan Bridge, Chaleshtor Castle, Sar-Aqa-Seyyed Village and natural landscapes of Zayandeh Rood bank are other attractions of the province. The hospitality of the people of this province and roaming of Bakhtiari nomads has also boosted tourism in this province.
Among the most important handicrafts of this region carpets, Khersak, Gabbeh, Kilim, Jajim, Choqa, Khorjin (Saddle), Musical Instruments, Locksmiths and Armor making can be mentioned. Bakhtiari honey, Gaz-e-Beldaji, Kakuly (local cookie), Kashk (Curd) and Qara Qhorot (Black Curd) are the most famous souvenirs of Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari. Most common foods in the area come from meat or dairy products, most notably Bakhtiari kebabs. Ash-e-shir (Milk Rice), Ash-e-Mast, Ash-e-dough, Ash-e-Kashk, Ash-e-Barg (Ash-e-Reshteh), Kachi and Koofteh are native foods of the province.