The Lut desert (Dasht-e Lut), one of the two major deserts of Iran, is located in the southeast of the country, the name was taken from the natural state of the place and means barren and empty. This vast desert is scattered in three provinces of South Khorasan, Sistan and Baluchistan, and Kerman and between two active faults of Nahbandan and Naiband. The presence of two active faults have led to the many earthquakes experienced there. The basin of the desert is around 175 thousand Km2 with a length of around 900 Km and a width of 300 Km. It is the 25th biggest desert of the world, and in 2004, NASA announced that the highest recorded temperature was taken from the central Lut which was repeated in the following years with a temperature of 70 degrees Celsius. Therefore, from 2004 to 2009, the highest temperature of earth was recorded from this place.
The desert is divided to three sections, The North Lut, the Central Lut and the South Lut. The highest temperature was taken from the central Lut and the lowest point of the desert is about 190 meter below sea level. There is a mountain bordering the western side of the desert that traces of life from 4 thousand BC were found from its cave which proves that the area was inhibited by humans. Today the most populated area of the desert is Shahdad, previously known as Khabiz, that has been turned to a tourist destination is recent years.
Naturally, not all places in the desert are safe for visit, but a couple of places were turned to tourist destinations providing the needed facilities and services like accommodation, food, and entertainment. The many attractions of the desert have turned them to a popular tourism spot, attractions like: the cloddish town, sand pyramids, volcanic cones, lava plains, waving sand plains, Nebka and the camel fields where the soil looks as if a caravan of camels have passed and their footprints are left. Adding to all these, the beautiful night of the desert with numerous stars creates opportunity for astronomy lovers to enjoy the view. On the 40th session of the World Heritage Committee, Lut desert was registered by UNESCO.