Hamedan province, with an area of 19368 km, is the 22nd province of Iran in terms of area; it is neighboring Zanjan, Qazvin, Lorestan, Markazi, Kurdistan and Kermanshah provinces. Hamedan’s capital has the same name and has nine counties. The language of most people is Persian, but because of the presence of different ethnic groups, languages like Turkish are also common. The Zagros Mountain ranges covers the province of Hamedan and the highest point of the province is Mount Alvand. Its climate is relatively cold in winter and mild in summer.
The land of Hamedan has long been the place where ancient civilizations were located. It used to be on the way of the caravans between East and Mesopotamia, the existence of the remains of prehistoric artifacts on its corners is proof enough. After the arrival of the Muslim Arabs in Iran, a war broke out near Nehavand, in spite of the death of the commander of the Muslim Corps, the Arabs won. The conquest of Nehavand opened the way for capturing the Sassanid realm to Muslims, and therefore, it is called Fath-al-Fotouh which literary means the Victory of Victories. Arab geographers have identified the land of Hamedan as the strongest city of the region known with the name of Jebal that hosted the ancient Medes.
Hamedan in the 4th century AH was a great city built entirely by the Arabs after its capture. In the period of the Ilkhanate, the land of Hamedan recovers its former significance. After this era, the Jalairid, Timurid, Aq Qoyunlu, Safavid, and Ottoman Empire have occupied the city of Hamedan. Nadir Shah drove Ahmad Pasha the Ottoman governor of Baghdad from the area. Years later, in the beginning of Qajar Era, Agha Mohammad Khan captured Hamedan and destroyed the citadel of the city. During the First World War, the Ottoman Empire, the Russians and the British alternately invaded the land of Hamadan and its other cities.
Hamedan in the 4th century AH was a great city built entirely by the Arabs after its capture. In the period of the Ilkhanate, the land of Hamedan recovers its former significance. After this era, the Jalairid, Timurid, Aq Qoyunlu, Safavid, and Ottoman Empire have occupied the city of Hamedan.
The province of Hamedan is one of the most prominent provinces of the country due to rich natural prospects and historical monuments. Baba Tahir, Aref Ghazvini and Abu Ali Sina (Avicenna) Tombs, Inscription and Waterfall of Ganjnameh, Alisadr Cave (Iran’s only water cave), Laljin pottery workshops, Alavian dome, and the tomb of Esther and Mordechai are only part of the attraction of Hamedan province.
The most important handicrafts of province are pottery and ceramics, carpet weaving, Give-doozi (form of Sandal), woodcarving, Moj-Bafi, Fur clothing Tanning, leather and leather artifacts and Ajideh-Doozi. The souvenirs of the province include honey, almond Gaz, animal fat, Tuyserkan walnut, syrup and Basloq of Malayer, walnut halva, pickled cucumber, Noghl and dried mulberry.
Some of the local cuisine of the province include Varieties of Ashes, Gourmeh and Cabbage Abgoosht, Beans and greengage stew. Rashid al-Din Fazlallah (Ilkhanid historian and minister), Ayn al-Quzat Hamadani (Mystic, Philosopher, and poet) and Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani (Sufi and Poet) are among Hamedan’s most notable figures.