Yazd city is known as the bride of Iran’s desert, and is located in the outskirts of Lut Desert. It enjoys unique adobe structure, wind towers, 700 strings of Qanats, and fertile soil. Modernity and the influence of foreign lifestyle has destroyed the traditional architecture of the country, the modern architecture has no trace of the beautiful techniques of the past. In such world, a city that has kept its traditional identity and historical textures is highly valuable.
Architecture in Yazd is a sign of human’s attempt to fight against rough climatic condition; it is also known for its ECO-friendly architectural styles.
Yazd historical section is enclosed urban space with compact and dense texture, narrow and long alleys that are roofed in some places. The mud brick buildings join each other without any space. The houses are very big with large, central yards that are surrounded by long and tense walls. Wind tower is an important element in Yazd’s houses used to improve ventilation and cool down the place. Qanat is also another element of the city that flow under the houses and bring water into the houses. Besides, the water was stored in the water reservoir and basements for later use. Architecture in Yazd is a sign of human’s attempt to fight against rough climatic condition; it is also known for its eco –friendly architectural styles. For all of these characteristics, Yazd was inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List in 2017.