Hormozgan province with an area of 70,697 square kilometers is situated in the southeast of Iran and on the northern coasts of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. Hormozgan is neighboring Kerman, Sistan & Baluchestan, Fars and Bushehr provinces. Hormozgan has 13 counties and its center is Bandar Abbas. Different ethnic groups live in Hormozgan and speak Persian (with Bandari dialect) and Arabic (in some regions).
Hormozgan province is one of the hot and dry regions of Iran; the coastal strip is hot and humid in the summer.
In ancient times, some tribes lived in the western coasts of Persian Gulf and southwestern plains of Iran and there were evidences of sailing at that time including the Babylonians who were certainly occupied with sailing in Persian Gulf in 7th century B.C. The earliest historical sources of sailing in Persian Gulf date back to the time of Nearchus or Neerak, one of the admirals of Macedonia. After the attack of Arab to Iran, the Gulf Persian coasts came under the rule of Umayyad and then the Abbasid caliphates. Marco Polo, the famous Italian merchant globetrotter visited the port of Hormuz, and declared that jewels of Iran, tusk and silk of India and China and the Bahraini pearl were traded at the port of Hormuz. Afonso de Albuquerque surrounded the Hormuz Island with seven warships in the seventh year of Shah Isma’il Safavid reign. During the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid, Imam-Quli Khan, the governor of Fars and Qeshm, recaptured Hormuz and the southern ports from Portuguese’s control. Later, Shah Abbas formed alliance with Britain and completely eradicated the Portuguese’s influence from Persian Gulf, so the name of the port changed from Gamrun to Bandar Abbas. In the First World War, which coincided with the end of Qajar reign and thereafter, important events happened in Persian Gulf region and coast which increased the power of the British in Persian Gulf and its ways of communicating.
Hormozgan weather condition is mild in fall and winter, so it is the best chance of attracting tourists to the region from different parts of the country. Beautiful beaches of Persian Gulf and part of the Oman Sea, free-trade zones, Qeshm Portuguese Castle, Greek Ship, traditional water reservoirs of the Kish Island, Naaz islands, Mangrove forests, the Stars Valley at Qeshm Island and dolphins of Hengam Island are only part of the exquisite attractions of the province.
It should be noted that UNESCO World Geoparks Network has registered Qeshm Geopark in April 2016.
The most important handicrafts of the province are basket and mat weaving, Golabatoon-doozi (a form of embroidery), Chadorshab-doozi, Badeleh-doozi (form of embroidery), Khos-doozi (form of embroidery), rope making, Shak-bafi (form of embroidery), Ur-bafi (form of embroidery), Garegor-bafi (form of fishing net), Burqa-sazi (form of face cover), Lachak-sazi (form of head cover), backrest cover, Zar-doozi (embroidery with gold), Kaman-doozi (form of embroidery).
The most important souvenirs in the province include varieties of dates, marine handicrafts, fish and shrimp, sea shellfish and a variety of aquarium fish. Most of Hormozgan’s native foods are a mixture of fish and various aquatic species. These foods include shrimp and lobster, as well as dates, rice and spicy spices; the most famous ones are Cutlet of fish, Qaliye-mahi (fish stew), Hawari mahi (rice and fish), Katogh shur of Onion, Havari Margieh, Hawri-chekomig (rice and shrimp), Ancas (Squid), Disho Rice, Meloc (Long shell), Kufteh-Mahi of Moumeq and Cingo dish.