Hormozgan province with an area of 70697 km is situated in the south-east of Iran and on the northern coasts of Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. It is the ninth province of the country in terms of area. Hormozgan is neighboring Kerman, Sistan & Baluchestan, Fars and Bushehr provinces. Hormozgan has 13 counties and its center is Bandar Abbas. Different ethnic groups live in Hormozgan and speak Persian (with Bandari dialect) and Arabic (in some regions). Hormozgan province is one of the hot and dry regions of Iran; the coastal strip is hot and humid in the summer.
In ancient times, on the west coast of the Persian Gulf and southwestern plains of Iran some tribes lived, and there were evidences of sailing at that time. Including the Babylonians who sailed in the Gulf of Persia in the 7th century BC. The earliest historical sources of sailing in the Persian Gulf dates back to the time of Nearhos or Neerak, one of the officers of Macedonia.
After the Arab conquest of Iran, the Gulf coast was under the rule of Umayyad and then the Abbasid caliphate. Marco Polo, famous Italian merchant traveler visited the port of Hormuz, and declared that jewels of Iran, ivory and silk of India and China, and the Bahraini pearl, was marketed at the port of Hormuz. Alfonso Albuquerque, at the seventh year of Shah Isma’il Safavid reign, surrounded the Hormuz Island with seven warships. During the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid, Imam Qoli Khan, the governor of Fars and Qeshm, Hormuz and the southern ports recaptured the district from Portuguese. Later, Shah Abbas formed alliance with Britain and shortened the Portuguese hands completely from the Persian Gulf, so the name of the port changed from Gambron to Bandar Abbas. In the First World War, which coincides the late Qajar regime, and thereafter, important events emerged in the Persian Gulf region and the coast of the Persian Gulf, which increased the power of the British in the Persian Gulf and its ways of communicating.
Hormozgan weather conditions in fall and winter is mild, so it is the best chance of attracting tourists to the region from different parts of the country. Beautiful beaches of the Persian Gulf and part of the Oman Sea, free trade zones, Portuguese Castle, Greek Ship, traditional Ab Anbars of the Kish Gulf, Naaz islands, Hara Forest, the Stars Valley at Qeshm Island and dolphins of Hengam are only part of the exquisite attractions of the province. It should be noted that UNESCO World Geoparks Network has inscribed Qeshm Geopark in April 2016.
Beautiful beaches of the Persian Gulf and part of the Oman Sea, free trade zones, Portuguese Castle, Greek Ship, traditional Ab Anbars of the Kish Gulf, Naaz islands, Hara Forest (mangrove), the Stars Valley at Qeshm Island and dolphins of Hengam are only part of the exquisite attractions of the province.
The most important handicrafts of the province are basket and mat weaving, Golabatoon-doozi (form of embroidery), Chadorshab-doozi, Badele-doozi (form of embroidery), Khows-doozi (form of embroidery), rope making, Shak-bafi (form of embroidery), Ur-bafi (form of embroidery), Garegor-bafi (form of fishing net), Barqa-sazi (form of face cover), Lachak-sazi (form of headcover), backrest cover, Zar-doozi (embroidery with gold), Kaman-doozi (form of embroidery).
The most important souvenirs in the province include varieties of dates, marine crafts, fish and shrimp, sea shellfish and a variety of aquarium fishs. Most of Hormozgan’s native foods are a mixture of fish and various aquatic species. These foods include shrimp and lobster, as well as dates, rice and spicy spices; the most famous of which are Cutlet of fish, Qaliye-mahi (fish stew), Hawari mahi (rice and fish), Katooqsour of Onion, Hawari-Margiyeh, Hawri-chekomig (rice and shrimp), Ancas (Squid), Disho Rice, Meloc (Long shell), Koufte-Mahi of Moumeq and Khorak-Cingo.