Ilam province is located in southwestern part of Iran with an area of about ​​3,133 square kilometers, and is 22nd province of Iran in terms of size. It neighbors provinces of Kermanshah, Lorestan, Khuzestan, and the country of Iraq. Due to its high mountains, Ilam has numerous rivers, and its rivers have high volume flow rate. The diversity of climate that the mountains created, give the area a chance to enjoy three types of dry/semi-arid climate, temperate mountainous and intermediate areas.

Ilam province has 10 counties and its center is also a city called Ilam. The people of the province are Kurd, Lur, Lak (the mixture of Lur and Kurd) and Arabs; the people are commonly use Kurdish costume and speak Ilami Kurdish which is slightly different from the Kurdish spoken in Kermanshah and Sanandaj.

The oldest sources known as the Ilam and Elamite civilization date back to about 2700 BC. The Elamites territory included the southwestern parts of Iran’s Plateau. The center of their ruling was Susa, and it included the current Khuzestan as well. Geographically and culturally, part of the southeastern network of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers belonged to Ilam, and although we are sure that part of the Mesopotamia belonged to Elamite, it is still very difficult to determine the precise border of the lands they ruled.

Ilam province has 10 counties and its center is also a city called Ilam. The people of the province are Kurd, Lur, Lak (the mixture of Lur and Kurd) and Arabs; the people are commonly use Kurdish costume and speak Ilami Kurdish which is slightly different from the Kurdish spoken in Kermanshah and Sanandaj.

The Elamites used to call their homeland Helmetti meaning the land of God, the Akkadians (a tribe of Sami and Sakandar in the north of the Mesopotamia) referred to it as Alamoto, and it seems that the name of Ilam has originated here. Assurbanipal, the king of Assyria, defeated Elam in the year 600 and plundered Susa; after that, Ilam never became an independent government. Under the Achaemenid ruling, Ilam became a tributary of the central government.

Over the years, the name of this area has changed, and the most important of these names are the Siervan (taken from a river with the same name) and Poshtkouh (because of its geographical location in the western Zagros range behind Lorestan in Qajar era.) The pristine and beautiful nature of the area is considered the most important attraction of Ilam. The historical and cultural attractions of this province include the valley of Ilam, Falahati Palace, Shirin and Farhad vault, the fire temple of Sahkal, and the remains of the Sassanid city of Sarabalkan.

The most important handicrafts of the region is the carpet and kilim. The wool used in creating the threads of this carpet is of high quality, and the use of silk threads is also very common. The kilims usually have floral pattern. The nomad handicrafts of the province includes Chit, Tough, Davar, gouchan and Douk.

The best souvenir of Ilam, called Dan, is also known as Kermanshahi oil. Tuff is another souvenir made of milk and cheese. The mountain honey, local turquoise, and sweet baked goods are also souvenirs from the province. The main ingredient is mostly local, such as peas and beans. Chamomile broth, Bagel Halva, Chogroz, and Meatballs are from native foods of Ilam.