Kerman province, with an area of 180,726 square kilometers, is located in the south-east of Iran and is ranked second in terms of area among the provinces of the country. This province is neighboring the provinces of Hormozgan, Sistan and Baluchistan, South Khorasan, Yazd and Fars.
Most people are Fars in this province and the Persian language is spoken with Kermani dialect. Kerman has a center with the same name and 23 counties. The highest point of Kerman Province is Hezar mountain, and the hottest section, with 67 ° C, is located in 80 km northwest of Shahdad. In other words, the northern, northwestern and central parts of the province have dry climates, but humidity is higher in the southern sections of the province.
In the Bisotun inscription, the name of the state of Karmania or Kerman is mentioned. In the Sassanid period, the rulers of Kerman were called Shah (King) as the title Bahram IV was refereed to with. Before the advent of Islam, the Arabs migrated to this area. During the rule of first Abbasid Caliph, no major incidents occurred in Kerman. Subsequently, the Samanid, Buyid, Ghaznavid, Seljuk, Athabaskan, Khwarazm Shahian, Mozafarid, Timurid, Augh Koyunlu and Safavid ruled the area.
Ganjali Khan was one of the most famous Safavid leaders who built many buildings in Kerman that are known today under the title of Ganjali Khan Complex. The death of Nader Shah, and the revolt of the Afghans were followed by ruling of Karim Khan, the Zand king. He saved Kerman from the grasp of Afghans and began the Zand Dynasty. After Lotf Ali Khan Zand, the second Zand ruler, Kerman fell to the hands of Agha Mohammad Khan. Historians mention that he blinded the residents of the region for sheltering Lotf Ali Khan after his defeat in Shiraz.
The natural, cultural and historical attractions of Kerman province have turned the place into a special destination. Its many attractions draw foreign and domestic tourists to the province. Lut Desert, Bam and its Cultural Landscape, Shazdeh Garden (Part of 9 registered Persian Gardens), Meymand and its Cultural Landscape, and Qanats of Jopar, Akbarabad and Ghasemabad have been inscribed at UNESCO World Heritage Site. Shahdad Yardang, Rhine Citadel, Ganjali Khan and Ibrahim Khan’s Complex, Shah Nematollah Vali’s Tomb, The Great Market of Kerman and Jabalieh Dome are some other attractions of this province.
Carpet of Kerman is undoubtedly the most famous and desirable carpet of Iran and the world.
Its many attractions draw foreign and domestic tourists to the province. Lut Desert, Bam and its Cultural Landscape, Shazdeh Garden (Part of 9 registered Persian Gardens), Meymand and its Cultural Landscape, and Qanats of Jopar, Akbarabad and Ghasemabad have been inscribed at UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Beside Carpets, the Saddlebag making, Handwoven Fabric, Knife and Gun Making, Hand fan Making, Traditional Tent Making, cupper carvings, and Mosaic with wood are the main handicrafts of the province. Among its souvenir, Pistachio (especially Rafsanjan Pistachio), Cumin, Halva Pistachio, Colamba (type of sweet) Henna, Mazafati dates, and Muscat and Tarma can be named. The most important dishes in this province are Eggplant Halim, traditional Bread, greasy Bread, Meat Stew, Milk & Wheat, Umaj Ash, Turnip Ash, Sholi Ash, Oat Ash, zucchini Ash, and different forms of curd,
The most prominent figures of Kerman are Shah Nematollah Vali (Mystic), Kahjuye Kermani (poet), Mohammad Ibrahim Bastany Parizi (Historian & researcher), and Ruhollah Khaleghi (Musician.)