Kermanshah Province with an area of 25,009 square kilometers is the 17th province of Iran in terms of size. Kermanshah has a common border with the provinces of Kurdistan, Ilam, Lorestan, Hamedan and the country of Iraq. Kermanshah is one of the residential area of the Kurds but other ethnics groups live in the province as well. People often speak Kurdish and Farsi with a Kermanshahi dialect. The center of province is a city with the same name and it has 14 counties. The climate is divided into two sections of tropical and cold.
The artifacts found in the excavations of different areas of Kermanshah and the ancient hill of Ganj Dareh of Harsin show that the antiquity of the province dates back to about 7,000 to 8,500 B.C. These signs clearly reveal the existence of the humans of the Stone Age of Paleolithic and Neolithic period in this area. Due to geographical position of the region, Sassanid kings built sumptuous and luxurious palaces and pavilions. Islamic geographers used the name of Qarmisin to refer to the area, a name that was used until the 4th century A.H. Later, however, the name was replaced with Kermanshah. When the Islamic Army conquered the historical city of Hulwan, Qarmisin was surrendered without any resistance by the Muslims. The center of this district was the city of Qarmisin (Kermanshah), which was one of the four great cities of Jebal province (Ray, Hamedan and Isfahan) during the Abbasid Caliphate period. In the Mongol invasion, the area was severely damaged. Then, at the time of Safavid, once again it found great significance and was seized several times by the Ottoman forces. After the fall of the Safavid government, the Ottoman forces dominated the place. Nader Shah Afshar destroyed the old castle of Kermanshah and built a new fort in its place and then expelled the Ottomans from west of Iran.
The pristine and beautiful nature of Kermanshah province along with the historical attractions bring many tourists to the region. The Uraman area, located in two provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah, is known as the Hezar Masouleh, the name comes from the fact that there are many stepped villages in the area such as Hajij Village and Paveh City. The Behistun inscription has been registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Taq-e Bostan, Anubanini petroglyph, central mosque and the market of Kermanshah, Shafei Mosque, Tekyeh Biglarbeygi, Tekyeh Moaven al-molk and the Quri Qale Cave are only a few attractions of Kermanshah province.
The most important handicrafts in the region can be Giveh-Keshi (form of shoe), Chopoq-bafi (Mat weaving), Qalam-Zani (Engraving), Daf, Tar and Tanbur (musical instruments), Leather making, rug, men’s and women’s traditional clothing (Chookhe).
Kak sweets, date bread, Kermanshahi oil, rice bread, sugary bread, Shaho Honey and Paveh pomegranate sauce are the major souvenirs of the province. Some of the native dishes of the province are dandeh kebab of Kermanshah, Aush-e Abaasali, Khomar Aushi, stew of Almond slice, Parsht, Dordeh, Sibpollo (rice and apple), Kermanshahi and Baghi Abgoosht.