Kermanshah Province with an area of 25009 km is the 17th province of Iran in terms of its size. Kermanshah has a common border with the provinces of Kurdistan, Ilam, Lorestan, Hamedan and the country of Iraq. Kermanshah is one of the residential area of the Kurds, but other ethnics groups live in the province as well. People often speak Kurdish and Farsi in Kermanshahi dialect. The center of province is a city with the same name, and it has 14 counties. The climate is divided into two section of tropical and cold regions.
The artifacts founded in excavations of different areas of Kermanshah and the ancient hill of Ganjdarreh Hersin, date back to about 7,000 to 8,500 BC. These signs clearly reveal the existence of the humans of the Stone Age of Paleolithic and Neolithic period in this area. Due to geographical position of the region, Sassanid kings built sumptuous palaces and pavilions here. Islamic geographers use the name of Qarmisin to refer to the area, a name that was used until the 4th century AH. In time however, the name was replaced with Kermanshah.
When the Islamic Army conquered the city of Halwan, Qarmisin surrendered without any resistance. The center of this district was the city of Qarmisin (Kermanshah), which during the Abbasid Caliphate period was one of the four great cities of Jebal province (Ray, Hamedan, and Isfahan). In the Mongol invasion, the area was severely damaged. Then, at the time of Safavid, once again it found great significance and was seized several times by the Ottoman forces. After the fall of the Safavid government, the Ottoman forces dominated the place. Nadir Shah Afshar destroyed the old castle of Kermanshah and built a new fort in its place and then expelled the Ottomans from western Iran.
The Pristine and beautiful nature of Kermanshah province along with the historical attractions brings many tourists to the region. The Uraman area, is located in two provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah and known as the Thousand Masouleh. The many stepped villages of the area, that are similar in shape to the Masouleh village, makes this area significant. These villages include Hajij Village and Paveh City. The Bisotun inscription has been registered at the UNESCO World Heritage List. Taq-e Bostan, Anobani bas relief, central mosque and the market of Kermanshah, Shafeis Mosque, Biglarbeygi Tekieh, Moaven al-Molk Tekieh and the Quri Qale Cave are only part of the attractions of Kermanshah province.
One of the most important handicrafts in the region can be Giveh-Keshi (form of shoe), Chopoq-bafi (Mat weaving), Engraving (Qalam-Zani), Daf (a musical instrument), Tar (a musical instrument), Tanbur (a musical instrument), Leather making, rug, men’s and women’s traditional clothing (Chookhe).
Kak sweets, date bread, Kermanshahi oil, Nan Berengi, Nan Shekari, Shaho Honey and Pave pomegranate sauce are the major souvenirs of the place. Some of the native dishes of the province are Lamb chop kebab of Kermanshah, Ash-e Abaasali, Koamar Ashi, stew of Almond slice, Parsht, Dordeh, Sibpollo, Kermanshahi and Baghi Abgoosht.