North Khorasan province has an area of 28,434 square kilometers located in northeast of Iran. It is the fifteenth province of Iran in term of size and neighboring provinces of Semnan, Razavi Khorasan and Golestan and Turkmenistan country. North Khorasan is one of the three provinces that was created after the division of Khorasan in 2004. Bojnord is the center of the province and has eight counties.
Ethnic groups of North Khorasan include Kurmanji Kurds, Persians, Khorasani Turks, and Turkmen and each of them speak their own languages. The whole province is located in mountainous areas with Shahsavan being the highest point of the province. The temperature of each part differs from the others because of the altitude difference. Kopet Dog and Aladagh mountains have cold and mountainous temperature, but the urban zones and their vicinity have mild and cool temperature.
The current area of North Khorasan was a part of Grand Khorasan in the past and its history has been interwoven with other parts of Grand Khorasan. In archeological excavations in the regions of Pahlevan and Heydaran Tepe ancient regions, a number of dishes and artifacts were unearthed which date back to 12000 years ago. The oldest site in the region is Espakhu stone temple that is in a village named Espakhu in Maneh and Samalqan County. When Achaemenid came to throne, Khorasan went under their rule until their demise by the Seleucid Empire, who took the control of the region and ruled it. When the Parthian began taking the country back from the Seleucid kings, Khorasan was one of the first places that was freed. Then the region was under the control of Sassanid dynasty by a Spahbed (an army chief) known as Padgoosban. After the invasion of Khorasan by Muslim Arab, people gradually converted to Islam. Later, Tahirid and Saffarid took the control of the region. Esfarayen city, in particular, has been ruined twice, once by the Mongols and once by the Uzbek.
The province enjoys variety of historical, natural and cultural attractions in a high level. The pilgrims of holy shrine of the eighth Shiite Imam who come from north and northwest of the country to go to Mashhad, pass from North Khorasan on their way. The province is also the host of the Kurmanj nomads when they are immigrating. The immigration of Kurmanj nomads, Espakhu Historical Temple, traditional wrestling of Esfarayen, the Jalal Al Din Castle, Kafar Ghale Cave, Jame Mosque of Shirvan, Jajrom Historical Bathhouse, the remnant of Belqis Historical City, Besh Qardash Tourist Complex (five brothers in Turkish) and Sardar Mofakham Edifice are tourist attractions of the province.
Silk Turkmen rugs, wool rugs, different types of costumes with traditional patterns, traditional jewelries, silk weaving, furrier, Turkmen traditional clothes and wrapper for bedclothes are some examples of handicrafts in North Khorasan province.
Souvenirs of province include nuts, candy, dried whey and dried black curd. Traditional foods of the province are cherry with rice (Albaloo-polo), apple stew, different kinds of Aush like Masore, Balkeh, Qalyeh, Yarmeh and Halve Shole.