North Khorasan province has an area of 28434 square km located in northeastern Iran. It is the fifteenth province of Iran in term of population neighboring provinces of Semnan, Razavi, and Golestan, and the Turkmenistan country. North Khorasan is one of the three provinces that were created after the division of Khorasan in 2004. Bojnord is the capital of the province, and has eight countries.
Ethnic groups of North Khorasan include Kurmanji Kurds, Persians, Khorasani Turks, and Turkmen that each speak their own languages. The whole province is located in mountainous areas with Shahjahan being the highest point of the province. The temperature of each part differs from the others because of the difference in altitude. Koppeh Dagh and Ala Agh have cold and mountainous temperature, but the urban zones and their vicinity have mild and cool temperature.
In Archeological excavation in the region, from Pahlevan and Heidaran Tepe, some number of dishes and artifacts unearthed which dates back to 12000 years ago. The oldest site in the region is Espakhu stone temple that is in a village named Espakhu in Maneh and Samalqan county. When Achaemenid came to throne, Khorasan went under their rule until their demise by Alexander the Great, and the establishment of Seleucids, who took the control and ruled the region. When the Parthian began taking the country back from the Seleucid kings, Khorasan was one of the first places that was freed. Then the region was under the control of Sassanid dynasty, the time when Spahbed known as Padghosban governed Khorasan. After the invasion of Khorasan by Muslim Arab, little by little, people converted to Islam. Later Tahirid and Safarid took the control of the region. Just as the rest of Khorasan and eastern sections of Iran, the region was destroyed when the Mongols attacked; Esfarayen city, in particular, has been ruined twice, once by the Mongols and once by the Uzbek.
The province is the host of the Kurmanj nomads when they are immigrating. Espakhu Historical Temple, the traditional wrestling of Esfarayen, Jalal Al Din Castle, Kafar Ghale, General Mosque of Shirvan, and Sardar Afkham Edifice are among tourism attraction of province.
The province enjoys variety of historical, natural and cultural attractions. The pilgrims of holly shrine of the eighth Shiite Imam, pass from North Khorasan province on their way to Mashhad. The province is also the host of the Kurmanj nomads when they are immigrating. Espakhu Historical Temple, the traditional wrestling of Esfarayen, Jalal Al Din Castle, Kafar Ghale, General Mosque of Shirvan, Jajerm Historical Bathhouse, the remnant of Belqeis Historical City, Besh Gardash (five brothers in Turkish), and Sardar Afkham Edifice are among tourism attraction of province.
Silk Turkmen rugs, wool rugs, different type of clothes with traditional patterns, traditional jewelries, silk weaving, furrier, Turkmen traditional clothes, and wrapper for bedclothes are some examples of handicrafts in North Khorasan province. Souvenir of province includes nuts, candy, dried whey, and dried black curd. Traditional foods of the province are cherry with rice (Albalo-polo) apple stew, Masore Aash, Balkeh Aash, Qalyeh Aash, Yarmeh Aash and Halve Shole.