Kohgiluyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province, with a total area of 15,504 square kilometers, is the 27th province of Iran in terms of size. The province is a kind of bridge between five provinces of Fars, Khuzestan, Bushehr, Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari and Isfahan. It consists of seven counties and its center is the city of Yasuj. Different ethnic groups are gathered there and speak a form of Lori dialect, Turkish in Qashqai dialect and Persian or Farsi. The Zagros Mountain Ranges cover the entire Kohgiluyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province and result into two forms of different climates. The cold climate in mountains and tropical in plains and lowlands.
Before the advent of Islam, Kohgiluyeh was one of the five districts of Fars. When Alexander Macedonian raided Iran, he was faced with the obstacle that Ario Barzan, the commander of the Iranian army, began a battle against Alexander but at last, Alexander succeeded in conquering the Persepolis. Later, Zem Zemijan (one of the five great tribes of Fars) fell to the hands of a man called Jiloyeh, who came from Kur-e Istakhr. From that time on, the place was called Zem Jiloyeh because of the governance of Jiloyeh Dynasty. Probably from the third century A. H., part of the current Kohgiluyeh was the residence of Zem Zemijan, which is called Jiloyeh Mountain. Shah Abbas I of Safavid dynasty offered Kohgiluyeh governance to Allah Verdi Khan. Kohgiluyeh tribes fought with Afghans in the Afghan invasion of Iran. In the following years, even during the rule of Zand and Qajar kings, Kohgiluyeh did not achieve complete peace.
Kohgiluyeh & Boyer Ahmad province has a high potential in tourism in terms of unique natural attractions and desirable climatic conditions, especially in spring and summer. The rich resources of water, wetlands, lakes, waterfalls, caves and straits make the province a heaven of natural destinations. Understanding the life style of migratory nomadic tribes and taking part in indigenous celebrations and ceremonies, existence of religious and ancient sites such as Yasuj waterfall, Tall Khosrow, Tange Ganjei, Cheshme Belghais garden, Kuh Gol Lake, Fire temple of Kheir Abad, Lishtar dome and Kheyri Mohammad Khan’s historical bridge are among other attractions of this province.
Producing various handicrafts have been popular among the tribes and nomads of the province since long time ago which are among the most typical handicrafts of the province whose has been inspired by the history, culture and nature of the region. Carpets, Gabe-bafi, Jajim-bafi, special kind of Kilim (Mashteh), baskets weaving, Siah-Chador (traditional tent), Tubreh, Khorjin (saddlebag), Ja-Qurani (book stand for Quran), local tablecloths, Zirbar and Gachmeh relief carpet are the most prominent handicrafts of the province.
Souvenirs of the province include medicinal herbs, local oil, local butter and curd, Qarehqurut (black curd), honey of Dena and Kakan, sesame and apple. Local dishes are Sholeshiri, Kalle Joshak (Kalak suz), Tilit-e-Piaz (onion dish), Aush kar, Dampokhtak, Shole Mashki, and Berko Bread.