Kohgiluyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province, with a total area of 15504 km, is the 27th province of Iran in terms of size. The province is a kind of bridge between five provinces of Fars, Khuzestan, Bushehr, Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari and Isfahan. It consists of seven counties and its center is the city of Yasouj. Different ethnic groups are gathered there and speak a form of Lori dialect, Turkish in Qashqai dialect and Persian or Farsi. The Zagros Mountain Range covers the entire Kohgiluyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province and causes two form of different climates. The cold clime in mountains and tropical in plains and low-levels.
Kohgiluyeh was one of the five Fars district before the advent of Islam. When Alexander Macedonian raided Iran, he was faced with the obstacle that was Ariobrazan, the commander of the Iranian army. In a strait on the way of Takht-e Jamshid, Ario Barzan began a battle against alexander. A deadly war took place, but at last, Alexander succeeded in conquering the country.
Later, Zem Zemijan, the place that Zemijan one of the five great tribes of Fars was located, fell to the hands of a man called Jiloyeh, who came from Kur-e- estakhr. From that time on, the place was called Zem Jiloyeh after the man and his descendant that ruled it. Probably from the third century AH, part of the current Kohgiluyeh were the residence of Zem Zemijan, which is called Jiloyeh Mountain.
Shah Abbas I of Safavid dynasty, Offered Kohgiluyeh rule to Allah Verdi Khan. Kohgiluyeh tribes fought with Afghans in the Afghan invasion of Iran. In the following years, even during the overcompassing rule of Zand and Qajar kings, Kohgiluyeh didn’t achieve complete peace, and there was always unrest witnessed in the area.
Kohgiluyeh & Boyer Ahmad province have a high potential in tourism in terms of natural attractions and climatic conditions, especially in spring and summer. The rich resources of water, wetlands, lakes, waterfalls, caves and straits makes the province a heaven of natural destinations. Understanding the life-style of nomadic tribes and taking part in indigenous celebrations, existence of religious and ancient sites such as Yasuj waterfall, Tal-e Khosro, Tang-e-Ganjei, Bilqis springs, Kuh Gol Lake, Fire temple of Kheirabad, Lishtar dome and Khaeyri Mohammad Khan’s historical bridge are among other attractions of this province.
Kohgiluyeh & Boyer Ahmad province have a high potential in tourism in terms of natural attractions and climatic conditions, especially in spring and summer. The rich resources of water, wetlands, lakes, waterfalls, caves and straits makes the province a heaven of natural destinations.
Producing various handicrafts has long been popular among the tribes of the province. The prominent ones which has been inspired by the history, culture and nature of the region are Carpets, Gabe-bafi, Jajim-bafi, special kind of Kilim (Mashteh), baskets weaving, Siah-Chador (traditional tent), Tubreh, Khorjin (saddle), Ja-Qurani (book stand for Quran), local tablecloths, and Zirbar and Gachmeh relief carpet.
Souvenirs of the province include medicinal herbs, local oil, local butter and Kashk (curd), Qarehqurut (black curd), honey of Dena and Kakan, sesame and apple. Local dishes are Sholeshiri, Kalle Joshk (Kalak suz), Tilit-e-Piaz, Ashkar, Dampokhtak, Shole Mashki, and Berko Bread.