Kurdistan province, with an area of 29137 km, is the 30th province of the country in terms of area. This province has a common border with the provinces of West Azerbaijan, Zanjan, Kermanshah, Hamedan, and the country of Iraq. Kurdistan has 10 counties and its center is Sanandaj. Most people in Kurdistan province speak Kurdish with different dialects. The province is completely covered by mountains, and one of the coldest regions of Iran.
The place that is known as Kurdistan used to be part of the realm of the Medes. The Kurdish name was apparently given to the regions during the Seljuk period. Ardalan is the former name of the Kurdistan province and the name of a clan that ruled over a large part of the province of Kurdistan from the eighth century. The Safavid successfully ruled a great part of Kurdistan, which consisted of the entire eastern slopes of the Zagros Mountain. With the establishment and ruling of Zandieh, for the first time the region benefited from rulers that were Kurd themselves.
The place that is known as Kurdistan used to be part of the realm of the Medes. The Kurdish name was apparently given to the regions during the Seljuk period.
The attractions of Kurdistan province are distributed in all over the province and includes rich natural, historical and cultural spots. The Uramanat district, which is located in two provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah, is known as the Thousand Masouleh, because of the many stepped villages located in the area that Uraman Takht and Palangan are among them. The Pirshalayar Tomb, Asif House, Sanandaj Central Mosque, the ancient Quran of the Negel village, Zarivar Lake and Zhalane defile are only part of the attraction of Kurdistan, which along the warm and hospitable people, attracts numerous travelers to Kurdistan every year.
From the province’s handicrafts, one can refer to all types of Kurdish women’s and men’s clothing, Giveh, Nazok-Kari (Woodwork art by delicate pieces), woodcarving, woolen fabrics, shawls, local jewelry, mats and basket weaving, wooden spoons and fork, and Poolakdoozi (form of embroidery). Souvenirs of the province are honey, walnuts, strawberries, Nan Berenji, Konjed-e-Shekari, date bread, Kak bread and Nokhodchi (something like chickpeas). Native foods of this region are rich in natural herbs such as celery, mushrooms, acanthus, rhubarb and the like. Some of these foods include Katepolo and Sholepolo with meat, Dougheva (Ash-e-dough), Savar, Gerdool, Tarhana, Shole Ginim, Doughin (Nettle Ash), Kalaneh, Beryan (Kurdish Kebab), and Koufte Shoor Dolma.