Lorestan province with an area of 28294 square kilometers in west of Iran has ranked as the 16th province of the country in terms of area. Lorestan has a common border with Markazi, Hamedan, Kermanshah, Ilam, Khuzestan, Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari and Isfahan provinces. The province includes 10 counties and its center is called Khorramabad.
Two ethic groups of Lur and Lak live in this province and each one speaks in their own language. Zagros Mountain range covers all parts of the region and has three climatic zones. First, the cold climate of mountainous and semi-arid regions; second, the temperate and semi-arid areas; and third, the warm and dry climate of the southern regions of the country having hot summers.
The lands which are now inhabited by the tribes of Lur, before the arrival of the Aryans in this habitable territory, were under the influence of the state of Ilam (Elamite). The primary inhabitants of Lorestan were the Kassite or Kashos, a name which is probably rooted in Kashkanrud. Lur-e-Kuchak (the smaller lur), also known as the Khorshidian or the Abbasian, were a string of Atabakan and rulers of Lorestan who ruled the northern and western parts of the region, and their center of government was Shapurkhast (Khorramabad).
The rulers of this dynasty were the descendants of Shojaedin Khorshid Lur, the founder of the monarchy of the Lur-e-Kuchak. The last ruler of Lur-e-Kuchak, Shah Verdi Khan, was killed during the reign of Shah Abbas I of Safavid Dynasty.
The combination of beautiful oak forests, numerous mountains, rivers, lakes, wetlands and caves attract the attentions to Lorestan province. In addition to natural landscapes, various cultural and religious remains such as castles (the historical castle of Falak-ol-Aflak), minarets, bridges and mosques increase the unique attractions of Lorestan.
Among the most important handicrafts of the province toreutics, Varsaho-sazi (nickel silver dishes), herbal dying, Mashteh-Bafi, Leather Making, Moshabak, Chooqa-bafi, enamel, illuminated manuscript and Sculpture making can be named. Souvenirs of the province include local honey, dairy products, Doogh, Tuff, local bread, local cookies, various medicinal plants and Varsho (Nickel-silver). Some local dishes of the province include Borujerdi dolma, Ghalieh torsh Stew, Tuff and Kashk (curd), rennet of Natural Cheeses (Golma), Soqdou and Local Aush.
Loris Tjeknavorian (Iranian-Armenian Musician) and Abdolhossein Zarrinkoob (Historian and writer) are among the celebrities of the province.