Mazandaran province with an area of 23842 km is the 18th province of Iran in terms of size. The northern border of this province is surrounded by the coastal strip of the Caspian Sea and is neighboring with the provinces of Gilan, Golestan, Semnan, Tehran, Qazvin and Alborz. Mazandaran has 22 counties and its center is Sari. Common languages of the province are the Tabari (Mazandarani dialect) and Farsi. The Alborz mountain ranges cover the southern margin of Mazandaran. The highest peak of Iranian Plateau, Mount Damavand, with the height of 5671 meters is located here. Every year many domestic and foreign tourists climb this mountain. Mazandaran’s climate is temperate and humid. The existence of vast jungles is influential in the air moderation and the formation of rivers. The Alborz mountain ranges are drawn like a dam in the south of Mazandaran and prevent the entry of moisture from the Caspian Sea to the central parts of Iran.
Two very old and powerful tribes settled on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Tapours, which the name of Tabarestan comes from, and the other is the clan of Amards that gave their name to the city of Amol. Phraates I of Parthian Dynasty moved Amards to the Khar (Varamin), and Tapours took over the land that used to belong to them. Later, the area fell to the hands of the Sasanian rulers. In addition, in some periods, non-territorial conquerors had Mazandaran or some parts of it under their control. These conquerors are Tahirid, Safarid, Samanid, Ziarid, Ghaznavid, Seljuq, Khwarazmian, Mongols, Sarbedar, and Timurid.
During Safavid era, Shah Ismail I sent troop to Mazandaran, but the definitive capture of the area took place during the reign of Shah Abbas I. on his order, the royal palace and complex of Safi Abad were established in Behshahr. At the time of its construction, the place was called Ashraf, but later changed name to Safi Abad.
Two very old and powerful tribes settled on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Tapours, which the name of Tabarestan comes from, and the other is the clan of Amards that gave their name to the city of Amol. Phraates I of Parthian Dynasty moved Amards to the Khar (Varamin), and Tapours took over the land that used to belong to them.
The beach cities such as Chalus, Ramsar, Nour, Noshahr, Babolsar, and Mahmud Abad, next to the Jungle areas such as Ramsar, Damavand Mount, Badab Sourt Spring, Alimastan Jungle, Babol Palace, Veresk Bridge, Fereidounkenar Wetland, and the poet Nima Youshij House make the main attractions of the province. Most importantly, the province host the Abbas Abad garden that has been inscribes as one of the nine Persian gardens and the only natural garden of the selection.
Woodcarving, Moaragh, bamboo and mat weaving, Kilim, Jajim, tablecloth, bedcover, scarf, Chadorshab, socks, Chuqa, Bashloq and Vazshamd. Varieties of jam and sherbet especially Orange blossom jam, raspberries, sour cherries, oranges and pickles are among the common souvenirs of Mazandaran.
Native foods often include a mixture of rice and vegetables. Varieties of fish, Palle or Polo (rice)-kebab, Torshi-Tareh, Torshi-Kabab, Alu-Kabab (kebab and Plum), Dezingeh fish, Baqaliqatoq (rice and a form of bean), Kadubareh, Nettles Ash, sour Ash, Kikharsh, Dopeti, Aqoozmosama, Espenasak, Spinach Marji are among the common foods in the province.
Nima Yoshij (poet- father of Iran’s modern poetry) and Manouchehr Sotoudeh (contemporary geographer and scholar) are among the famous figures of Mazandaran province.