Qazvin province with an area of about 15567 km is the 26th province of Iran in terms of area. This central province has a capital with the same name, and six counties. Qazvin is neighboring central provinces of Hamedan, Alborz, Zanjan, Gilan and Mazandaran. Fars, Tat and Azeri people constitute the majority of the population in the province; and therefore, Tati, Azeri and Persian languages with a Qazvini dialect are spoken in this province. The Alborz mountain range covers the entire northern part of the province, and as a result, the rivers flow in the province.
History of Qazvin dates back to the middle of the 7th century. The study of the works of arts and tools obtained from the Saqizabad hill in the Bouini-zahra region shows that this area was the habitat of humans in the fourth and fifth millennia BC. Some sources attribute the construction of Qazvin’s city to Shapur I of Sassanid dynasty, a strategic act to prevent the advancement of Daylamites.
In the year 1108, Hassan Sabah, the leader Ismaili sect of Iran (also known as Assassins), chose the land of Alamut as their base, which was the gatekeeper of the Daylamites to the Gilan, and was an open and inaccessible place. For two centuries, the Ismaili used the Alamut Castle as their center of command. Eventually, the castle was defeated and surrendered to the Mongol Hulagu Khan. During the Safavid period, due to the special position of this region, once again the prosperity returned to Qazvin.
The study of the works of arts and tools obtained from the Saqizabad hill in the Bouini-zahra region shows that this area was the habitat of humans in the fourth and fifth millennia BC. Some sources attribute the construction of Qazvin’s city to Shapur I of Sassanid dynasty, as a strategic act to prevent the advancement of Daylamites.
The province’s untouched nature has attracted the attention of tourists with its great diversity and unsurpassed landscape. The Ovan Lake, the ancient area of Alamut and the Ismaili fortresses,and the many works around the city of Qazvin from various periods makes the attractions of the province. Among these works, we can name the gates of Tehran, Imamzadeh Hussein, Sa’d Al-Saltaneh Caravanserai, Atiq Mosque, Hosseinieh Amini, Kolah Farangi Mansion (Chehel Sotoun), Qajar Bath, Tomb of Hamdollah Mostofi and the historical water storage.
The most important handicrafts of the province are carpet, socks knitting, handmade fabric, clothes making, Mystics attire making, copper dishes, tents and traditional broidery. The most important souvenirs in the province include grapes (especially Takestan grapes), Baklava, Traditional Sweets like Paderazi, Beheshty, Haji Karimi, Qarabiyah and Atabaki. The Province also benefits from diversity of cuisines. Dishes like Gheyme Nesar, Shirin Polo (Sweet rice), Siah-Cheshm Polo (Beans & rice), Bademjan Polo (Eggplant & rice) Pear, Kabab and Sweet Koukou, are famous dishes of this city.
Among the prominent figures of the province Hamdollah Mostofi, Obeid Zakani, and Mir’mad Hassani can be named.