Semnan province with an area of about 97491 km2 is the seventh province of the country in terms of area and is located on the northern margin of Kavir desert. Semnan has a common border with the provinces of North Khorasan, Golestan, Mazandaran, Tehran, Qom, Isfahan, South Khorasan and Razavi Khorasan.
Semnan has eight counties and its center is the city of Semnan. Most people are Fars, and the common language is Farsi with a Daylamite dialect that is also called Semnani. Semnan province is located on the southern side of the eastern Alborz Mountains. In the higher, mountainous regions, the weather is cold, but as the height decreases, the temperature increases until one reaches the desert borders that is the hottest section of the province.
Damghan is an important city of the province; it is an ancient region near the desert. This area is one of the oldest and earliest settlements in Iranian plateau. The historic mound of Hesar is one of the most valuable historical treasures of Iran and include works from the Medes, Achaemenid, Parthians and Seleucids. The Hecatum Pilos (City of Hundred Gates) was one of the first capitals of the Parthian government, which its ruins were found around the present Damghan.
In the province of Semnan, many tourist attractions exist. The national parks, waterfalls, caves, the historic Bastam complex, the tombs of great mystics such as Bayazid Bastami and Sheikh Abolhassan Kharaghani encourages many tourists to visit the province every year.
The Arg gate of Semnan, Soltani mosque, Jam-e mosque, Semnan market, Pahneh Bathhouse, Damghan Hesar mound, Tarikhaneh mosque, Pireh Alamdar, Cheshmeh Ali, Zanguleh Dome, Bahar Palace, Qasr-e Bahram Caravanserai, and Abr Jungle are among other attractions of the province.
The handicrafts of the place includes different form of printing on fabric, Kilim, Kneading, Mosaic Making, Wooden Handicrafts, and Embroidered Shoes. Beside the Handicrafts, the city has a lot of Souvenirs to offer. The souvenirs of Semnan are Pistachio of Damghan, Garmsar Traditional Bread, Ivanaki Melon, Grape of Shahrood, different type of Pomegranate, Sweets, Walnut and Figs.
The cuisine of the province includes Meat Stew, Vegteble and Rice, Tahchin of raisin and yellow-split-peas, Carrot and Pistachio Stew, Kachi and douq (Udo.)
Manuchehri Damghani (the dominant poet of nature), and two great mystics, Sheikh Abulhassan Kharqani and Bayazid Bastami are among the celebrities of this province.