Yazd province with an area of 73477 km is located in the eastern part of Iran and is the eighth province of the country in terms of its size. It is neighboring southern Khorasan, Isfahan, Kerman and Fars province. Yazd city is the capital of the province, and the province has has10 cities. Most people in this province speak Persian in Yazdi dialect. The province has a dry desert climate.
The ancient remains in Yazd province indicate its age. The discovered works of the Elamite period in the Naryn Qaleh of Meybod shows that Yazd province together with Khorasan were along the paths of the Rey to Kerman and Pars, and has been one of the lands of the Medes.
The central regions of Iran fell to the Muslims during the first years of the advent of Islam, and a group of Arab tribes settled in the area. Later, Yazd fell to the hand of Daylamite, and when they were dethroned, Rokn Al din Sam, one of the attendants of the Seljuk Emirs, founded the Attabakan dynasty in Yazd. During this period, many monuments and mansions were created, which are still considered one of the most important historical buildings in Yazd. During the Timurid period, valuable buildings were built that still remains. With the invasion of the Afghan tribes, although Yazd province was not raided in the invasions, Ashraf Afghan was successful in taking the control of the region. By the end of the Qajar period, there were many monuments built in the city that are still standing.
Due to the geographical location of Yazd province, various natural attractions, including desert areas, are of special interest to both Iranian and foreign tourists. But the highlight of the attraction of this province is the architectural style of its mosaic and mud buildings. Today, the city of Yazd is known as the second largest clay city in the world. The city of Yazd and its historical texture have been registered at the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Province has other inscribed attractions as well; the Hasan Abad Qanat in city of Mehriz and the Zarch Qanat in the city of Yazd are part of the eleven Qanats that were inscribed in 2016. Besides, there is the Dolatabad Garden and Pahlevanpour Garden that have been registered as the Persian Garden in 2011.
Zoroastrian Fire Temple, Zoroastrian Towers of Silence, Old Bazaar of Yazd, Historical Complex of Amir Chakhmaq, Yazd Jam-e Mosque, Chakchek Shrine, Zain Al Din Caravanserai, Narin Castle of Meybod, Hojjat Abad Ministerial Garden, Kharanagh Caravanserai and Mosque, Abarkuh Natural Fridge, and Fahraj Mosque, are considered as other important attractions of this province.
Also, the city has special rituals like Nakhl Gardany, Sadeh and Mehregan. Nakhl Gardany is the tradition of moving a massive cradle like construct made of wood around the city in memory of the tragic death of the third Shiite Imam and his followers, and the ritual takes place in the Muharam which is the first month of Hijri Calendar. The province is also known for hosting the largest population of Zoroastrians, and therefore, many different festivals and rituals related to this religion including Mehregan and Sadeh.
From Yazd’s handicrafts, we can name Termeh (handwoven fabric), Curtain Making, Carpet Weaving, Velvet Making, Zari Douzi (close to Brocade), Daraie Bafi (Ikkat), Khorjin (Saddle Bag), Handkerchief Making, Zylu Making (Woven Mat), Karbas (Canvas), Boqcheh (square fabric for keeping goods), and Patou (Blanket).
The souvenirs of the province includes traditional sweet like Baklava, Haji Badam, Pashmak, Keik Yazdi, Nabat Yazdi, Ardeh and Halva. The local foods are Shouli Shalgham, Zucchini Stew, Lappeh Stew (Split Yellow Beans), Vinegar Ash, Yazdi Ash, Cabbage Ash, Sambosak Ash, Sour Meat Stew, Quince-Plum Stew, and Oat Ash. Vahshi Bafqi (Poet), Muhammad Karim Pirnia (Architecture master and historian), and Mohammad Hossein Paply Yazdi (Geographer) are among the prominent figures of the Province.