Zanjan province with an area of 21,773 square kilometers is the 20th province of Iran in terms of area. Zanjan is neighboring the provinces of West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan, Ardebil, Gilan, Qazvin, Hamedan and Kurdistan. The center of the province is a city with the same name, and it has eight counties. About 1.5 percent of the total population of the country resides in the province. Most of the province’s residents are Turks and speak Azerbaijani Turkish. Zanjan province has a mountainous nature and covers parts of the Alborz, Talesh and Qaflankouh mountains.
In the mountainous parts, it has cold weather, and in the lower section has semi-humid climate. Zanjan province is one of the historical regions of Iran. The archaeological excavations carried out in the area show that it dates back to prehistoric times. The findings of Goljik Cave dates back to 16 to 30 thousand B.C. The ancient works, including the open-air fire temples, belonging to the Parthian and Sasanian periods, show that the valley of the Ghezel Ozan and Zanjan Rivers were popular human residents in ancient times.
After the Mongol Hulagu Khan attacks the Ismaili base and the extinction of the Abbasid Caliphs in Baghdad, Iran became the center of the Ilkhanid government, and the Ilkhan kings laid the foundations of their rule in Soltaniyeh, Maragheh and Tabriz. The city of Zanjan was destroyed in the Mongol invasion, and then Uljeitu, the most famous king of the Ilkhan dynasty, built the historic city of Soltaniyeh near Zanjan.
The diversity in the attractions of this province, which includes beautiful nature, historical buildings and the remnants of the civilizations left in different historical periods, is an invitation for many travelers to visit Zanjan. The Soltaniyeh Dome, which has been registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List, is the highlight of the province and its most important historical monument. The Chalabi Oqlu School and mausoleum, Dashkasan temple, numerous caves with historic value, Kataleh-khor Cave, Mah-Neshan Mountain, the Salt Men, Zanjan’s historic bazaar, bridges, castles and caravansaries are all among the tourist attractions of this province.
The diversity in the attractions of this province, which includes beautiful nature, historical buildings and the remnants of the civilizations left in different historical periods, is an invitation for many travelers to visit Zanjan. The Soltaniyeh Dome, which has been registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List, is the highlight of the province and its most important historical monument.
Zanjan handicrafts include Handmade Steel Knife, traditional Shoe Making, and Metalworking, among which the most famous are the steel knife industry. The province’s souvenirs include almonds, walnuts and grapes. Its native cuisine include Sut Ash (sweet milk and rice), Sour Ash, Yaaq Shurba (a kind of soup) Qara Shurba, Iirdak (flour and milk), and different type of meals made of meat.
Shahab Al Din Sohrevardi (philosopher) and Hossein Monzavi (contemporary poet) can be noted as the province’s prominent figures.