The holy shrine of Fatima Masoumeh is one of the most important religious places in Iran, located in Qom.
The holy shrine of Fatima Masoumeh is one of the most important religious places in Iran, located in Qom. Masoumeh is the sister of Imam Reza, the 8th Shiite Imam, who passed away on her way to visit her brother. In the 9th century, Lady Fatima Masumeh and some of Imam Reza’s followers started a journey to Khorasan, where Imam Reza was spending his days in exile. On the road, Lady Masumeh got sick and passed away in Qom in a place known as Balan Garden.
In different eras, different constructs were built over the grave of Lady Fatima Masumeh, which all are a proof of the Iranian’s devotion to the descendants of the Prophet of Islam. When the Seljuq kings had the throne, Amir Abulfazl Araghi, made a domed mausoleum that was decorated with stucco and tile works.
The dome was about 14 meters tall. The shrine is filled with magnificent tiles and inscriptions and has an area of about 13.527 m2. It includes sections such as courtyard, iwan, mosque, school and women section.
The main courtyard of the place is known as Atigh and the Iwan of the courtyard was built at the time of Shah Ismail during Safavid Empire and later it was completed by his daughter. The Eastern and Western sections of the place, however, were added by the order of Fath Ali Shah, the second Qajar King. There are 14 halls (iwan) in this place, representing the 14 Shiite Imams, which are lavishly decorated with the best form of tile work and each one has a name
Feyzieh School on the northern part of the courtyard is a four-Iwan mosque with about 200 rooms (Hojreh) and it was built at the time of Safavid Kings, although it was completed in the Qajar’s Era when the southern Iwan was built. Shah Abbas the Second, Shah Soleyman (Solomon), Shah Safi and Shah Sultan Hossein of Safavid era and Fath Ali Shah and Mohammad Shah of Qajar dynasty were all buried here.