The Mausoleum of Seyed Mir Ahmad Ibn Moussa Alkazem, brother to Imam Reza, the eighth Shiite Imam, is known as Shah Cheragh and is located in Shiraz. The mausoleum has a special place among the people, and therefore, has always been filled with pilgrims that came to see the descendant of the prophet of Islam.
Hazrat Shah Cheragh lived in the time of the Caliph Ma’mun of Abbasid clan. He decided to leave the capital and moved toward Khorasan, to visit his brother Imam Reza. As he announced his decision of traveling many of the followers of Shiite religion decided to accompany him as he traveled. The number of the party grew as they passed through each city and that scared the Caliph that thought they are gathering an army for Imam Reza to riot against him. He orders his allies, that were assigned as the governor of the most important cities of Iran, to stop the party from reaching Khorasan. The soldiers of Shiraz’s Governor ambush Ahmad and his followers and kill most of them.
For a long time, nobody knew where Ahmad was buried until in the reign of Atabak Abu-Bakr Sa’d Ibn Zangi, the place where he was appeared. The myths say that an old woman saw a light flickering from far every night. When the flickering did not stop, he informed other villagers. Since nobody could explain where the light came from, they contacted the authorities. Atabak Abu-Bakr himself went to investigate the matter and while waiting for the light to appear he fell sleep. In his dream, he saw that the lights led to the burial ground of Ahmad and his followers. When awake he ordered the construction of a mausoleum for the pious man.
The Mausoleum includes an Iwan in the front that leads to the main building. The dome chamber is surrounded by four Shah Neshin or Royal Hall, and there is a mosque behind the Mausoleum on the west side. In addition to two main doors, the complex also has two side doors that one opens to the Haji Bazar and the other to the Atique or Jam-e Mosque.
The main building is reached through two doors and has a silver dome. The door that is placed in the Iwan is known as Zel Ol Sultan (meaning the Sultan’s Shadow) and was covered with silver that was changed later and replaced with an enameled door done by the hands of Isfahan masters. The old door was moved to the Astaneh Museum.
The importance of this mausoleum among people has led all the rulers of shiraz to attempt to improve the place anyway they could so in each era some changes were applied to it, which varies from making the dome to enhancing the decoration.