The city of Ardestan is located in the Isfahan Province neighboring the Kavir Desert in the south and Kashan, Natanz, and Meimeh in the north. Historians believe that the name has its roots in Old Persian language meaning Holly Place, and were chosen for the numerous Zoroastrian Fire Temples of the region. The weather here is warm and dry with minimum plant life and distant mountains. People speak a language that has its root in the Farsi spoken in Parthian time. This language is used in Avesta, the holly book of Zoroastrian, and is a proof that people here used to be Zoroastrians. It is in the fourth century after the flourishment of Islam that the name of the city is seen in the works of travelers describing it as a city surrounded with strong fortifications and five gates.
In Mythology, Ardestan is where Rostan lived. Based on that, it is claimed that the name of the city is a changed form of a phrase meaning the Citadel of Dastan (Rostam’s title.) There is a nomadic tribe in the region that consider themselves the descendants of Rostam’s Brother. From a historical perspective, it was the ruling center of Parthians in the time of Artabanus IV. Although the city lost its importance in the years that followed, it was once again a crucial city of Iran in Safavid time. Naser Al din Shah of Qajar dynasty stabilized the city and made it an economic center, but after his death it was once again unsafe.
Ardestan is famous for its Jameh Mosque and Qanats. The Jameh Mosque is one of the oldest Four-Iwani mosques of Iran dating back to the ninth century. The two Qanats of Moon and Arvaneh are the highlight of Qanat making of the city. Moon Qanat is built in two stories, and the Arvaneh Qanat has multiple channeling watering 5 different neighborhoods.