The city of Gorgan is located in the North-East of the country; it is the center of Golestan Province. The city is part of the Hyrcanian Jungle Belt that covers the northern part of the country, and therefore, has humid weather. In Vendidad, the holly book of Zoroastrians, the city of Gorgan is mentioned as the 9th holly city that Ahura Mazda has made.
Gorgan was an important city all through history, and was destroyed when Mongols attacked the country. After the attack, the centrality of Gorgan region was moved to the city of Estar Abad that was in better situation and from this time, it came to be known as Estar Abad. The name is made of Estar meaning Star and Abad meaning city making it the City of Stars. Others attribute the city to the Jewish wife of Xerxes, Esther.
People in this region used to speak with a dialect that is similar to the dialect spoken in the Mazandaran area. In the late 18th century, this dialect was destroyed and replaced with Farsi; although, the traces of the old dialect still remains. In history books, the people of the region are known as master silk weaver and gardeners with grape being their main product.
Numerous historic mounds and the monumental Qabus dome are just part of the city’s attraction. However, more than anything the city is known as the birth place of Agha Muhammad Khan, the Eunuch that became the King of Iran and established the Qajar Dynasty. He ordered the reconstruction of the city’s fortification that was destroyed in Nader Shah’s time.
The city in this time had six neighborhoods and five gates. On general, each of the neighborhoods had mosque, bazar, school, water reservoir, and bathhouse. However, since the biggest bazaar was located in the eastern neighborhood, it had more popularity than the others. The historic part of the city of Gorgan has been registered as a National Heritage, but was heavily damaged in the earthquake and urban development that followed.