Kerman province, with an area of 180,726 square kilometers, is located in the southeast of Iran and is ranked as second province of Iran in terms of area. This province is neighboring the provinces of Hormozgan, Sistan and Baluchistan, South Khorasan, Yazd and Fars. Most people are Fars in this province and the Persian language is spoken with Kermani dialect. Kerman has a center with the same name and 23 counties. The highest point of Kerman Province is Hazaran. Gandom Beryan region is located in the 80 KM of northwest of Shahdad having the temperature of 67 ° C. In other words, the northern, northwestern and central parts of the province have dry climates but humidity is higher in the southern sections of the province.
In the Behistun Inscription, the name of the state of Karmania or Kerman has been mentioned. Before the advent of Islam, the Arabs migrated to this area. During the empire of Sassanid Shir Jaan Shahr (Sirjan) was their center of governance. In the governance of the first Abbasid Caliph, no major incidents occurred in Kerman. Subsequently, the Samanid, Buyid, Ghaznavid, Seljuk, Athabaskan, Khwarazmian, Muzaffarids, Timurid, Aq Qoyunlu and Safavid ruled the area respectively. Ganj Ali Khan was one of the most famous Safavid leaders who built many buildings in Kerman that are known today under the title of Ganjali Khan Complex. In his campaign of Isfahan, Mahmoud Afghan attacked and plundered Kerman. After the death of Nader Shah and the revolt of the Afghans, it was Karim Khan who managed to free Kerman from the grasp of Afghans and ran the Zand Dynasty. After Lotf Ali Khan Zand’s governance, the second Zand ruler, Kerman came under the control of Agha Mohammad Khan. Historians mentioned that he blinded the residents of the region.
The natural, cultural and historical attractions of Kerman province have made the province find a special position. Its many attractions draw foreign and domestic tourists to the province.
Lut Desert, Arg e Bam and its Cultural Landscape, Shazdeh Mahan Garden, Meymand and Qanats of Joopar, Akbarabad and Ghasemabad have been registered in UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Kalut Shahdad desert, Rayen Castle, Ganjali Khan and Ibrahim Khan’s Complex, Shāh Ni’matullāh Wali’s Tomb, The Great Market of Kerman and Jabalieh Dome are some other attractions of this province.
Carpet of Kerman is undoubtedly the most famous and desirable carpet of Iran and the world. Saddlebag making, Handwoven Fabric, Pateh (needlework folk art), Knife and Gun Making, Hand fan Making, Traditional Tent Making, copper carvings, and Mosaic with wood are the main handicrafts of the province.
Among its souvenirs, Pistachio (especially Rafsanjan Pistachio), Cumin, Qovut, Pistachio Halva, Kolompeh (type of sweet), Henna, Mazafati dates, Masghati and Termeh can be named. The most important dishes in this province are Eggplant Halim, traditional Bread, greasy Bread, Meat Stew, Milky Wheat, Umaj Aush, Turnip Aush, Sholi Aush, Barely Ash, zucchini Ash, and different forms of curd.
The most prominent figures of Kerman are Shāh Ni’matullāh Wali (poet), Khwaju Kermani (poet), Mohammad Ebrahim Bastani Parizi (Historian & researcher), and Rūhollāh Khāleqi (Musician.)