Kurdistan province, with an area of 29137 square kilometers is the 30th province of the country in terms of area. This province has a common border with the provinces of West Azerbaijan, Zanjan, Kermanshah, Hamedan and the country of Iraq. Kurdistan has 10 counties and its center is Sanandaj. Most of the people in Kurdistan province are Kurd and speak Kurdish with different dialects. The province is completely covered by mountains and it is one of the coldest regions of Iran.
The place that today is known as Kurdistan used to be a part of the Medes realm. The Kurdish name was apparently given to the regions during the Seljuk period. Ardalan is the former name of Kurdistan province and the name of a clan that ruled over a large part of the province of Kurdistan since eighth century. During Safavid Empire, Iran successfully ruled a great part of Kurdistan of that time which consisted of the entire eastern slopes of Zagros Mountain. With the establishment and ruling of Zand Dynasty, for the first time the region benefited from rulers who were Kurd themselves.
The attractions of Kurdistan province are distributed in all over the province and include rich natural, historical, religious and cultural spots.
The Uraman Takht district, which is located in two provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah, is known as Hezar Masouleh, the reason of choosing such a name is the existence of many stepped villages and cities located in the area including Uraman Takht and Palangan.
The Pir Shalyar Tomb, Asef Building, Sanandaj Central Mosque, the historical Quran of the Negel village, Zrebar Lake and Zhalaneh defile are only part of the attractions of Kurdistan, which along with its warm and hospitable people, attract numerous travelers to Kurdistan every year.
From the province’s handicrafts, one can refer to all types of Kurdish women’s and men’s clothing, Giveh, Nazok-Kari (Woodwork art by delicate pieces), woodcarving, woolen fabrics, shawls, local jewelry, mats and basket weaving, wooden spoons and forks, Poolakdoozi (form of embroidery) and soozan doozi.
Souvenirs of the province are honey, walnuts, strawberries, rice bread, sugary sesame, date bread, Kak and Nokhodchi bread (a sweet like chickpeas). Native foods of this region are rich in natural herbs such as celery, mushrooms, Cirsium vulgare, rhubarb and etc. Some of these foods include Katepolow and Sholepolow with meat, Dougheva (Aush-e-dough), Savar, Gerdool, Tarhana, Shole Ginim, Doughin (Nettle Aush), Kalaneh, Beryan (Kurdish Kebab), and Kufteh Shoor Dolma.