Qazvin province with an area of about 15,567 square kilometers is the 26th province of Iran in terms of area. This center of the province is called Qazvin as well and it has six counties. Qazvin is neighboring provinces of Markazi, Hamadan, Alborz, Zanjan, Gilan and Mazandaran. Fars, Tat and Azeri people constitute the majority of the population in the province; and therefore, Tati, Azeri and Persian languages with a Qazvini dialect are spoken in this province. The Alborz mountain range covers the entire northern part of the province and as a result, many rivers flow in the province.
History of Qazvin dates back to the middle of the 7th century, during the Medes governance. The study of the works and tools obtained from the Saqz Abad hill in the Buin Zahra region shows that this area was the habitat of humans in the fourth and fifth millennia B. C. Some sources attribute the construction of Qazvin’s city to Shapur I of Sassanid dynasty as a strategic act to prevent the attacks of Daylamites.
In the year 1090, Hassan Sabah, the leader Ismaili sect of Iran (also known as Assassins), chose the land of Alamut as their base, which was the like a key for the gate of the Daylamites to the Gilan, and was an impassable and inaccessible place. For two centuries, the Ismaili used the Alamut Castle as their center of command. Eventually, the castle was defeated and surrendered to the Mongol Hulagu Khan. During the Safavid period, due to the special position of this region, once again the prosperity returned to Qazvin.
The province’s untouched nature and breathtaking sceneries have attracted the attention of tourists.
The Ovan Lake, the ancient area of Alamut and the Ismaili fortresses and the many works around the city of Qazvin from various periods make the attractions of the province.
Among these works, we can name the gates of Tehran, Imamzade Hossein, Caravanserai of Sa’d al-Saltaneh, Jame Mosque of Qazvin (Atiq), Aminiha Hosseiniyeh, Kolah Farangi Mansion (Chehel Sotoun), Qajar Bath, Tomb of Hamdallah Mustawfi and some historical water reservoirs.
The most important handicrafts of the province are carpet weaving, socks knitting, handmade fabric, making cloths of the Dervishes, copper dishes, tents and traditional broidery. The most important souvenirs in the province include grapes (especially Takestan grapes), Baklava, Traditional Sweets like Paderazi, Beheshti, Haji Karimi, Qarabiyah and Atabaki. The Province also benefits from diversity of cuisines. Dishes like Gheyme Nesa (jewelled rice with lamb), Shirin Polow (Sweet rice), Morasa Polow, Siah Cheshm Polow (Beans & rice), Bademjan Polo (Eggplant & rice), Kabab and Sweet Koukou are famous dishes of this city. Among the prominent figures of the province Ḥamdallāh Mustawfī (historian), Ubayd-i Zakani (poet and satirist), and Mir Emad Hassani (calligrapher) can be named.